3.34.3: Year 3 American English Lessons with Maestro Sersea

Hello students! Congratulations on completing Years 1 and 2 of American English. Now that you are better prepared and that your American English is stronger, during years 3, 4, and 5 of your American English studies with Maestro Sersea, you will receive a different English grammar lesson each week.

You are encouraged to do your best to learn from each English grammar lesson as well as do further research via the Google search engine below if you need to learn more about each grammar topic.  Type the topic you’re searching for in the “Enhanced by Google” box below so you can search for more information.

2 thoughts on “3.34.3: Year 3 American English Lessons with Maestro Sersea

  1. Lesson 3.34.3: Year 3 past simple
    Everyday Grammar, ”Simple Past Present Perfect.”
    * We use the past simple for past events or actions which have no connection to the present.
    * We use the present perfect for actions which started in the past and are still happening now or finished actions which have a connection to the present.
    * We can’t use the present perfect with a finished time word.
    Below are some examples of the simple past and present perfect.
    1) Last night Iost my keys, I had to call my flat mate to let me in. (Simple past)
    I have lost my keys; can you help me look for them. (Present perfect)
    2) I have visited Paris three times. (Present perfect)
    Last year I visited Paris. (Simple past)
    3) She lived in London, when she was child (Simple past)
    She has lived in London since 19993 (present perfect)
    4) Yesterday I saw all of my friends, it was great (simple past)
    I have seen Maria three times this week. ( Present perfect)

  2. Dear teacher,
    Lesson 3.34.3 year 3 the Grammar lesson are past simple and present perfect.
    + The Past Simple tense or Simple Past, is used for past actions that happened either at a specific time, which can either be given by a time phrase (yesterday, last year, etc.) or understood from the context. Regular Verbs add -ed to the base form, or -d if the verbs ends with -e. Irregular verbs can change in many different ways. The verb form is the same for all persons:
    Below are examples
    1- Lisa went to the supermarket yesterday.
    2- Sam cooked a tasty dinner yesterday.
    3- My brother saw a movie yesterday.
    4- Last year, I travelled to France.
    5- I washed the dishes.
    6- My mother bought a dress for me.
    We always use the simple past when we say when something happened, so it is associated with certain past time expressions such as
    frequency: often, sometimes, always
    1- I sometimes walked home at lunchtime.
    2- I often brought my lunch to school.
    a definite point in time: last week, when I was a child, yesterday, six weeks ago
    3- We saw a good film last week.
    4- Yesterday, I arrived in Geneva.
    5- She finished her work atseven o’clock
    6- I went to the theatre last night.
    An indefinite point in time: the other day, ages ago, a long time ago.
    7- People lived in caves a long time ago.
    8- She played the piano when she was a child.
    Note: the word ago is a useful way of expressing the distance into the past. It is placed after the period of time: a week ago, three years ago, a minute ago.
    + Present perfect
    The present perfect tense is an English verb tense used for past actions that are related to or continue into the present.
    It’s easily recognized by the auxiliary verbs (or helper verbs) have and has, as in, “I have gone fishing since I was a child.”
    1- positive form
    S+ [have/has] + [past participle]
    Ex: Charlotte has become friends with Wilbur.
    Ex: We’ve broken up before, but this time feels different.
    2- Negative form
    S + [have/has] + [negative] + [past participle]
    Ex: I have not slept well since exams started.
    Ex: My Midwestern friend has never seen the ocean.
    3- Questions form
    S + [have/has] + [subject] + [past participle]
    Ex: Have you eaten dinner yet?
    Ex: Has the party started?
    Thank you.

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