3.37.3: Year 3 American English Lessons with Maestro Sersea

Hello students! Congratulations on completing Years 1 and 2 of American English. Now that you are better prepared and that your American English is stronger, during years 3, 4, and 5 of your American English studies with Maestro Sersea, you will receive a different English grammar lesson each week.

You are encouraged to do your best to learn from each English grammar lesson as well as do further research via the Google search engine below if you need to learn more about each grammar topic.  Type the topic you’re searching for in the “Enhanced by Google” box below so you can search for more information.

2 thoughts on “3.37.3: Year 3 American English Lessons with Maestro Sersea

  1. Lesson 3.37.3: year 3
    Everyday Grammer Gerunds vs Infinitives.
    ” Gerunds vs Infinitives”
    ” Going or to go.”
    As I understand a Gerund is a verb form that ends in-” Ing and is used as a noun (walking, travelling, voting)
    An Infinitive is the base form of a verb preceded by ”to” (to walk, to travel, to vote) Gerunds and Infinitives can function as the subject of a sentence or the object of a verb.
    For example, the Gerund” running” can be used as the subject of the sentence,” running is my favorite exercise, ” and the infinitive ” to run” can be used as the main verb in the sentence, ” I like ”to run every morning.”
    Gerund Example…
    Jogging is a hobby of mine.
    Ali quit smoking a year ago.
    Some people prefer getting up early in the morning.
    Infinitive Example…
    I promised my daughter to buy a new car.
    Maria always forgets to tidy her room.
    Do you want to call your family now?

  2. Dear teacher,
    – Gerund is a verb formed by adding “ing” at the end of the verb and used as a noun in a sentence. It can only be used for an activity and cannot be used for a person or thing in a sentence. They are the extra verbs that can be used in a sentence and are not affected by the past, present or future tense.
    – The infinitive is a type of non-finite verb formed by adding “to” in front of the verb, which can be used as a noun, adjective, or adverb while forming a sentence. It is mostly used when you are explaining a general instance and not any specific action. Hence, gerunds and infinitives are used as subjects in a sentence.
    There are two types of infinitives: full infinitives and bare infinitives. In a full infinitive, you add “to” before the verb, like “to choose.” In a bare infinitive, you don’t need to add “to” in front of the verb, but there are very few, like “make” and “do.”
    Ex: Cycling is a fun activity, a convenient mode of transport, and a good form of exercise.
    Ex: I’m in the habit of writing every day.
    Ex: Meditating helps Shirley to clear her mind.
    # Rules of using gerund
    You have the option to add the “ing” at the end of the verb and make it a gerund.
    Example: cry, “+ing” = crying
    Remove the “e” from the verb where it comes at the end and add the “ing.”
    Example: ride, “-e”, “+ing” = riding
    Eliminate the “ie” from the verb where it comes at an end and add the “y” and then “ing.”
    Example: lie, “-ie”, “+ing” = lying
    Keep the “ee” from the verb when it comes with “ee” at the end and add the “ing.”
    Example: agree, “+ing” = agreeing
    For monosyllabic words with a consonant-vowel-consonant format, doubling the final letter and appending “ing” at the end is a suitable approach.
    Example: cut, “t”, “+ing” = cutting
    Adding the “ing” at the end of the monosyllabic verb with consonant_vowel_consonant format, and the last word has less speaking importance.
    Example: shift, “t” “+ing” = shifting.
    # Rules for making a verb into an infinitive:
    You have the option to add the “how” before “to” in front of the verb if it is used in an expressive or learning way.
    Example: My brother taught him how to ride a scooter.
    Adding “for” in front of the verb and the “ing” at the end if it is used for a reason.
    Example: My sister was scolded for coming late at night.
    Some verbs can be transformed into an infinitive only for direct objects if they are in active voice.
    Example: My family makes me feel good.
    Thank you.

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